Medieval Spain fostered one of the most unique fusions of artistic cultures in the Western world. Christian and Islamic traditions evolved into a distinct art form compared its prototypes and the rest of Europe. From 711-1492 CE, the Muslims occupied previously Christian territory on the Iberian Peninsula, eventually separating from the Islamic hierarchy centralized in the Middle East to become an independent entity. This research analyzes the cultural environment that provided the impetus for changes in artistic styles, specifically, decorative arts and architecture before and during the Umayyad Emirate and Caliphate (711-1031). This comparison will inform further research on the characteristics that define the visual arts of Early Modern Spain.
Medieval Spain: The Visual Arts Produced at the Crossroads of Christian and Islamic Cultures
- by Zach Johnson