Most people experience at least one lifetime traumatic event. The purpose of this research was to examine whether more previous traumas are associated with less optimism, less mindfulness, and greater acceptance of drug use, both legal and illegal. Participants were 119 undergraduates (77% female; 92% white; mean age = 22.77) who completed online surveys. Preliminary analyses indicated that age was correlated with a greater number of previous traumas, more optimism, and greater acceptance of legal drug use; therefore, all analyses control for age. Partial correlations indicated that more previous traumas were related to less optimism (r = -.22, p = .018). More previous traumas were also related to greater acceptance of legal substances (e.g., alcohol, tobacco; r = .32, p = .000). By contrast, more optimism was related to lesser acceptance of legal substances (r = -.22, p = .019). Although mindfulness was not related to acceptance of drug use, more mindfulness was related to more optimism (r = .27, p = .003). Taken together, these findings suggest that interventions designed to increase mindfulness may increase optimism, which in turn, may help decrease acceptance of drug use in our society, particularly for those adjusting to traumatic life events.
Is It Possible to Increase Mindfulness in an Effort to Decrease Acceptance of Drug Use?
- by Zach Johnson